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# Statistical Analyses Using SPSS resources

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### 3. Teach Yourself Worksheets (23)

Analysis of Variance ANOVA (Worksheet)
Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) is used to test a hypothesis of differences between the means of three or more groups. This teach yourself worksheet provides an introduction to Analysis of Variance including how to do this using SPSS.
Chi-Squared tests of Association Using SPSS (Worksheet)
This yourself worksheet provides an introduction to undertaking chi-sqaured tests of associaton for a two-way contingency table using SPSS. Note that the SPSS data set colours.sav referred to in the worksheet is also available here.
Chi-Squared tests of Association Using SPSS (Worksheet) Data Set colours.sav
This is a zip file containing the SPSS data set called colours.sav for use with Chi-Squared tests of Association Using SPSS (Worksheet). Note: please save this file to your PC before extracting its contents.
Cluster Analysis (Worksheet)
Cluster Analysis is a multivariate technique aimed at determining groups of similar objects. This teach yourself worksheet gives a very brief introduction to Cluster Analysis and how to perform this using SPSS. This includes some useful references at the end.
Correlation Using SPSS (Worksheet)
Using an example on calcium intake, this teach yourself worksheet focuses on the use of SPSS to obatin and interpret correlation coefficients. This also includes a number of exercises for you to try. Note that the SPSS data sets referred to in the worksheet are also available here.
Correlation Using SPSS (Worksheet) Data Sets
This is a zip file containing the SPSS data sets for use with Correlation Using SPSS (Worksheet). Note: please save this file to your PC before extracting its contents.
Factor Analysis (Worksheet)
Factor Analysis is a multivariate technique aimed at reducing a set of variables to a number of factors or constructs. This teach yourself worksheet gives a very brief introduction to Factor Analysis and how to perform this using SPSS. This includes some useful references at the end. Note: The "Analyze" --> "Data Reduction" step in SPSS (see page 3) in SPSS has now been changed to "Analyze" --> "Dimension Reduction"
Independent (Unpaired) Samples t-test (Worksheet)
Independent Samples t-tests are used to test a hypothesis of differences between two population means when your data comes from two different or independent groups of subjects. This teach yourself worksheet provides an introduction to independent samples t-tests including how to do these using SPSS.
Paired t-tests Using SPSS (Worksheet)
This yourself worksheet provides an introduction to undertaking paired t-tests using SPSS. Note that the SPSS data sets referred to in the worksheet are also available here.
Paired t-tests Using SPSS (Worksheet) Data Sets
This is a zip file containing the SPSS data sets called marks.sav and spiders.sav for use with Paired t-tests Using SPSS (Worksheet). Note: please save this file to your PC before extracting its contents.
Principal Components Analysis (Worksheet)
Principal Components Analysis (PCA) is a multivariate technique aimed at reducing the number of variables in your data set so that your new variables (components) are uncorrelated. This teach yourself worksheet gives a very brief introduction to PCA and how to perform this using SPSS. This includes some useful references at the end. Note: The "Analyze" --> "Data Reduction" step in SPSS (see page 2) in SPSS has now been changed to "Analyze" --> "Dimension Reduction"
Reliability Measures (Worksheet)
This teach yourself worksheet provides an introduction to the assessment of reliability and repeatability in measurements scales, such as those used in questionnaires. Note that the SPSS and Excel data sets rankin.sav and rankin.xlsx referred to in the worksheet are also available here.
Reliability Measures (Worksheet) Data sets
This is a zip file which contains the SPSS data set rankin.sav and Excel data rankin.xlsx for use with the Reliability Measures Worksheet. Note: please save this file to your PC before extracting its contents.
Repeated Measures (Introductory Leaflet)
Repeated measures refers to having more than one measurement on each subject. This leaflet provides a brief overview of the various techniques you should consdeir using if you have repeated measures data. This also lists some useful resources at the end.
Simple Linear Regression (Worksheet 1)
Using an example on energy consumption, this teach yourself worksheet introduces simple linear regression and how to fit and interpret Linear Regression models using SPSS.
Simple Linear Regression (Worksheet 2)
Using an example on calcium intake, this teach yourself worksheet introduces simple linear regression and how to fit and interpret Linear Regression models using SPSS. Note that the SPSS data set calcium.sav referred to in the worksheet is also available here.
Simple Linear Regression (Worksheet 2) SPSS Data Set calcium.sav
This is a zip file containing the SPSS data set called calcium.sav for use with Simple Linear Regression (Worksheet 2) which considers an example on calcium intake. Note: please save this file to your PC before extracting its contents.
Simple Linear Regression Assumptions and Predictions (Worksheet)
This teach yourself worksheet looks at the assumptions underlying simple linear regression, and how to obtain confidence intervals and prediction intervals using SPSS.
The Sign Test (Worksheet)
The Sign test can be used in place of a paired t-test when your data are either ordinal or the assumption of normality is in doubt. Note however that the Wilcoxon Signed Rank test is often preferred in this case! This teach yourself worksheet provides an introduction to the Sign test including how to do this using SPSS. Note: The "Analyze"--> "Nonparametric Tests"-->"2 Related Samples" step in SPSS (see page 2) has now been changed to Analyze"--> "Nonparametric Tests"-->"LEGACY DIALOGS"-->"2 Related Samples"
Two-Way Analysis of Variance (Worksheet)
This teach yourself worksheet looks at the use of Analysis of Variance when you have two factors (categorical grouping variables). This also includes infomation on how to do this using SPSS. Note that the SPSS data set battery.sav referred to in the worksheet is also available here.
Two-Way Analysis of Variance (Worksheet) Data Set battery.sav
This is a zip file containing the SPSS data set called battery.sav for use with the Two-Way Analysis of Variance Worksheet. Note: please save this file to your PC before extracting its contents.
Wilcoxon Mann-Whitney Tests (Worksheet)
The Wilcoxon Mann-Whitney test can be used instead of an independent (unpaired) samples t-test when your data are either ordinal or the assumption of normality is in doubt. This teach yourself worksheet provides an introduction to the Mann-Whitney test including how to do this using SPSS. Note: The "Analyze"--> "Nonparametric Tests"-->"2 Independent Samples" step in SPSS (see page 3) has now been changed to Analyze"--> "Nonparametric Tests" -->"LEGACY DIALOGS"-->"2 Independent Samples"
Wilcoxon Signed Rank Test (Worksheet)
The Wilcoxon Signed Rank test can be used instead of a paired t-test when your data are either ordinal or the assumption of normality is in doubt. This teach yourself worksheet provides an introduction to the Wilcoxon Signed Rank test including how to do this using SPSS. Note: The "Analyze"--> "Nonparametric Tests"-->"2 Related Samples" step in SPSS (see page 3) has now been changed to Analyze"--> "Nonparametric Tests"-->"LEGACY DIALOGS"-->"2 Related Samples"

### 7. Community Project (15)

10 ANOVA (Workshop) SOURCE
This PowerPoint is a workshop on ANOVA. This resource has been contributed to the statstutor Community Project by Peter Samuels, Birmingham City University under a Creative Commons licence CC-BY-SA and reviewed by Ellen Marshall, University of Sheffield. The zip file contains four associated data files, the source file and the associated statstutor metadata spreadsheet.
11 Simple linear regression (Workshop) SOURCE
This PowerPoint is a workshop on Pearson Correlation and Simple Linear Regression. This resource has been contributed to the statstutor Community Project by Peter Samuels, Birmingham City University under a Creative Commons licence CC-BY-SA and reviewed by Ellen Marshall, University of Sheffield. The zip file contains four associated data files, the source file and the associated statstutor metadata spreadsheet.
12 Multiple linear regression (Workshop SOURCE)
This PowerPoint is a workshop on multiple linear regression and analysis of covariance. This resource has been contributed to the statstutor Community Project by Peter Samuels, Birmingham City University under a Creative Commons licence CC-BY-SA and reviewed by Ellen Marshall, University of Sheffield. The zip file contains two associated data files, the source file and the associated statstutor metadata spreadsheet.
8 Parametric Testing (Workshop SOURCE)
This PowerPoint workshop provides an introduction to parametric testing using SPSS. This resource has been contributed to the statstutor Community Project by Peter Samuels, Birmingham City University under a Creative Commons licence CC-BY-SA and reviewed by Ellen Marshall, University of Sheffield. The zip file contains an associated data file, the source file and the associated statstutor metadata spreadsheet.
9 Nonparametric testing (Workshop SOURCE)
This PowerPoint workshop provides an introduction to nonparametric testing. This resource has been contributed to the statstutor Community Project by Peter Samuels, Birmingham City University under a Creative Commons licence CC-BY-SA and reviewed by Ellen Marshall, University of Sheffield. The zip file contains two associated data files, the source file and the associated statstutor metadata spreadsheet.
ANOVA SOURCE
A Quick Reference worksheet on one-way analysis of variance. This resource has been contributed to the statstutor Community Project by Mollie Gilchrist and Peter Samuels, Birmingham City University under a Creative Commons licence CC-BY-SA and reviewed by Ellen Marshall, University of Sheffield. The zip file contains the source file and the associated statstutor metadata spreadsheet.
A Quick Reference worksheet on additional information on the one-way ANOVA method. This resource has been contributed to the statstutor Community Project by Mollie Gilchrist and Peter Samuels, Birmingham City University under a Creative Commons licence CC-BY-SA and reviewed by Ellen Marshall, University of Sheffield. The zip file contains the source file and the associated statstutor metadata spreadsheet.
Chi-squared test SOURCE
A Quick Reference worksheet on the Chi-squared test for Two-Way Tables. This resource has been contributed to the statstutor Community Project by Mollie Gilchrist and Peter Samuels, Birmingham City under a Creative Commons licence CC-BY-SA and reviewed by Ellen Marshall, University of Sheffield. The zip file contains two data files, the source file and the associated statstutor metadata spreadsheet.
Independent samples t-test SOURCE
A Quick Reference worksheet on an introduction to the independent samples t-test. This resource has been contributed to the statstutor Community Project by Mollie Gilchrist and Peter Samuels, Birmingham City University under a Creative Commons licence CC-BY-SA and reviewed by Ellen Marshall, University of Sheffield. The zip file contains the source file and the associated statstutor metadata spreadsheet.
Measures of middle value SOURCE
A Quick Reference worksheet on measures of middle value. This resource has been contributed to the statstutor Community Project by Peter Samuels, Birmingham City University under a Creative Commons licence CC-BY-SA and reviewed by Ellen Marshall, University of Sheffield. The zip file contains the source file and the associated statstutor metadata spreadsheet.
A Quick Reference worksheet on measures of spread. This resource has been contributed to the statstutor Community Project by Peter Samuels, Birmingham City University under a Creative Commons licence CC-BY-SA and reviewed by Ellen Marshall, University of Sheffield. The zip file contains the source file and the associated statstutor metadata spreadsheet.
Paired samples t-test SOURCE
A Quick Reference worksheet on the paired samples t-test. This resource has been contributed to the statstutor Community Project by Mollie Gilchrist and Peter Samuels, Birmingham City University under a Creative Commons licence CC-BY-SA and reviewed by Ellen Marshall, University of Sheffield. The zip file contains the source file and the associated statstutor metadata spreadsheet.
Pearson Correlation SOURCE
A Quick Reference worksheet on Pearson Correlation. This resource has been contributed to the statstutor Community Project by Mollie Gilchrist and Peter Samuels, Birmingham City University under a Creative Commons licence CC-BY-SA and reviewed by Ellen Marshall, University of Sheffield. The zip file contains the source file and the associated statstutor metadata spreadsheet.
Simple linear regression SOURCE
A Quick Reference worksheet on simple linear regression. This resource has been contributed to the statstutor Community Project by Mollie Gilchrist and Peter Samuels, Birmingham City University under a Creative Commons licence CC-BY-SA and reviewed by Ellen Marshall, University of Sheffield. The zip file contains the source file and the associated statstutor metadata spreadsheet.
Simple linear regression: Additional information SOURCE
A Quick Reference worksheet containing a discussion of additional issues to do with simple linear regression. This resource has been contributed to the statstutor Community Project by Mollie Gilchrist and Peter Samuels, Birmingham City University under a Creative Commons licence CC-BY-SA and reviewed by Ellen Marshall, University of Sheffield. The zip file contains the source file and the associated statstutor metadata spreadsheet.

### 9. Guides (1)

A Guide to SPSS
A Guide to SPSS for Information Science with tutorials funded by the Subject Centre for Information and Computer Sciences (Higher Education Academy) made available to statstutor by Prof Anne Morris, Loughborough University. This Guide is freely available for use (with acknowledgement) in non-commercial UK organisations.

### 10. Workshops (5)

10 ANOVA (Workshop)
This PowerPoint is a workshop on ANOVA. This resource has been contributed to the statstutor Community Project by Peter Samuels, Birmingham City University and reviewed by Ellen Marshall, University of Sheffield. The zip file contains four associated data files.
11 Simple linear regression (Workshop)
This PowerPoint is a workshop on Pearson Correlation and Simple Linear Regression. This resource has been contributed to the statstutor Community Project by Peter Samuels, Birmingham City University and reviewed by Ellen Marshall, University of Sheffield. The zip file contains four associated data files.
12 Multiple linear regression (Workshop)
This PowerPoint is a workshop on multiple linear regression and analysis of covariance. This resource has been contributed to the statstutor Community Project by Peter Samuels, Birmingham City University and reviewed by Ellen Marshall, University of Sheffield. The zip file contains two associated data files.
8 Parametric testing (Workshop)
This PowerPoint workshop provides an introduction to parametric testing using SPSS. This resource has been contributed to the statstutor Community Project by Peter Samuels, Birmingham City University and reviewed by Ellen Marshall, University of Sheffield. The zip file contains an associated data file.
9 Nonparametric testing (Workshop)
This PowerPoint workshop provides an introduction to nonparametric testing. This resource has been contributed to the statstutor Community Project by Peter Samuels, Birmingham City University and reviewed by Ellen Marshall, University of Sheffield. The zip file contains two associated data files.

### Quick reference worksheet (10)

ANOVA
A Quick Reference worksheet on one-way analysis of variance. This resource has been contributed to the statstutor Community Project by Mollie Gilchrist and Peter Samuels, Birmingham City University and reviewed by Ellen Marshall, University of Sheffield.
Quick Reference worksheet on additional information on the one-way ANOVA method. This resource has been contributed to the statstutor Community Project by Mollie Gilchrist and Peter Samuels, Birmingham City University and reviewed by Ellen Marshall, University of Sheffield.
Chi-squared test
A Quick Reference worksheet on the Chi-squared test for Two-Way Tables. This resource has been contributed to the statstutor Community Project by Mollie Gilchrist and Peter Samuels, Birmingham City University and reviewed by Ellen Marshall, University of Sheffield. The zip file contains two associated data files.
Independent samples t-test
A Quick Reference worksheet on an introduction to the independent samples t-test. This resource has been contributed to the statstutor Community Project by Mollie Gilchrist and Peter Samuels, Birmingham City University and reviewed by Ellen Marshall, University of Sheffield.
Measures of middle value
A Quick Reference worksheet on measures of middle value. This resource has been contributed to the statstutor Community Project by Peter Samuels, Birmingham City University and reviewed by Ellen Marshall, University of Sheffield.